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Biography: Federico Garcia Lorca was one of Spain's most preeminent authors. Born in Andalusia, Spain, he was the first of four children. His family moved to the city, Granada, however Garcia Lorca's heart stayed in Andalusia. Federico was not a very successful student, earning his bachelor's degree after nine years at the University of Granada. He was, though, a very promising musician. While still a teenager, he began to experiment with writing poetry and dramas. Soon after, he developed a style of his own which was juxtaposing genres with a strong sense of musicality. He relocated to Madrid where he joined the Residencia de Estudiantes. Among the group were artists that would later become know as the best-known artists of the generation such as Salvador Dali and Louis Buñuel. He established himself as a member of Madrid's literary elite, the "Generation of 1927." Garcia Lorca preferred to perform his own plays and poetry and his style of presentation was admirable. Because he was a quiet person, the spotlight of his fame robbed the solitude he needed from him when his collection of poems, Gypsy Ballads, was published. In 1929, Garcia Lorca travelled to Cuba, a trip that improved his spirits; then returned to Spain with a new outlook on his life. Many of his plays were written at this point of his life. In 1936, the Spanish Civil War broke out, and because of Garcia Lorca's controversial beliefs he was named a radical, arrested, and shot by Nationalist soldiers without a fair trial. His death was shocking to the world because none of his works were about politics. Fifty years later, Spain honored his memory by building a monument as a tribute to him.


Summary: "The Guitar" by Federico Garcia Lorca is written as an extended metaphor. The guitar playing in this poem represents a wounded person crying. The guitar begins to play as a person would cry. It cannot stop playing, and there is no use to try and stop it. It would be impossible. It cries like the rain when it falls or the wind when it continually blows. The guitar is crying for things far off, things it cannot have. The guitar states that it wants the warmth of the South, with beautiful flowers all around. It is crying for the arrow with no target in its future, the evening with a dawn that one may not see, and the first bird that dies in sitting on the branch. The last line, "Guitar! Heart wounded, gravely, by five swords" could be interpreted that the crying guitar that had five major tragedies happen to it. The tragedies are what is making the guitar cry, like a person.

"The Guitar" by Federico Garcia Lorca can be related to realism. Realism is a belief of focussing on one's life and all the things that come with life; the hardships, the ups, and the downs. In "The Guitar" the person crying can be related to a realist. They are crying for the real things they cannot retrieve. This poem can be compared to The Great Depression because many people were crying because of things they may not have been able to have or get. Many people were crying for better conditions and crying for new life.