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Friday, February 24

  1. page War by Luigi Pirandello edited {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS7qefyS-KrS482BdIckgL7nxz5i1ti9QvORPuUs8t3J4o5SWLWuW4lMT…
    {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS7qefyS-KrS482BdIckgL7nxz5i1ti9QvORPuUs8t3J4o5SWLWuW4lMTU} Biography: Luigi Pirandello, born in Sicily, Italy in 1867, was one of Italy's most famous playwrights and modern authors. He became interested in literature at a very young age and wrote his first play at the age of twelve. His father, however, enrolled him in a technical school but that changed almost instantly as he transferred to an academic secondary school to study oratory and literature. He did agree to marry his father's business partners' daughter, Antoinetta Portulano. He then earned his doctorate in Romance literature, married, and moved to Rome, where he began publishing his short stories and poems. In 1903, Pirandello suffered a terribly financial devastation as his family's sulfur mine was destroyed. Antoinetta suffered a mental breakdown and was institutionalized after battling mental illness for years. He then immersed himself in his writing to free from his troubles. Later on, he invented "grotesco", a form of theatrical expressionism that sacrifices realism in order to portray psychological experience. In his lifetime, many of Pirandello's works were considered controversial. His work is known for its atmosphere of mystery and tension, along with the questions he raises about the "fictions we create for ourselves". In 1934, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Luigi Pirandello's works are still strongly influencing playwrights and writers who explore life's ironies and paradoxes.
    Summary: "War" by Luigi Pirandello is a short story about a couple whose son has been sent to war. They board a train to leave Rome, the departure spot for their sons and young men going off to war. The wife felt she was the only mother who grieved about her son leaving. All the passengers on this train have one or more loved ones on the front in the war. This couple, who boards the train last, has their one and only son in war. The wife, especially, is grieving the most. The other passengers ask what is the problem, only to be able relate to her sadness. One woman speaks up and says that her son had left for the front the first day of war, was sent back twice because of injuries and was sent back yet again. Another woman stands up and adds in that she has two sons and three nephews at the front. The original husband relates back that it was their one and only son. This starts a conversation between the passengers about the love for their sons and the suffering one may have to go through because she has two sons at the front. One woman adds that their sons do not belong to them, but to the Country. A fat man stands up and makes the point that their sons, including his, will die happy because they were fighting for the love of their Country and they died with dignity and inflamed. He seemed so strong and proud of his son. Then the very first wife, all bundled up in the corner, rose from her seat and asked the fat man if his son was really dead. The fat man had no words, but tears began to roll down his face and he soon found himself in sobs, to the amazement of everyone on the train.
    "War" by Luigi Pirandello focusses on the real problems of ordinary people, which makes this story relatable to realism. Realism is present in this story because the people are truly grieving about their boys going of the The Front. That is a real problem and many of them are depicted by themselves and wearing very heavy clothes, as to suggest that the conditions may not be fair and they have lost their spouse also. This story is like World War II because many people were mourning their loss of their sons or mourning their departure. They had real problems. Some lost their jobs, some lost their houses and their belongings, and the conditions were terrible.
    (view changes)
    6:45 am
  2. page The Guitar by Federico Garcia Lorca edited {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9MsZXeBEtxgquk0NQYl76ZqrmziHO_JOZq3tNTmKXhJFN7JzXyA} Bi…
    {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9MsZXeBEtxgquk0NQYl76ZqrmziHO_JOZq3tNTmKXhJFN7JzXyA} Biography: Federico Garcia Lorca was one of Spain's most preeminent authors. Born in Andalusia, Spain, he was the first of four children. His family moved to the city, Granada, however Garcia Lorca's heart stayed in Andalusia. Federico was not a very successful student, earning his bachelor's degree after nine years at the University of Granada. He was, though, a very promising musician. While still a teenager, he began to experiment with writing poetry and dramas. Soon after, he developed a style of his own which was juxtaposing genres with a strong sense of musicality. He relocated to Madrid where he joined the Residencia de Estudiantes. Among the group were artists that would later become know as the best-known artists of the generation such as Salvador Dali and Louis Buñuel. He established himself as a member of Madrid's literary elite, the "Generation of 1927." Garcia Lorca preferred to perform his own plays and poetry and his style of presentation was admirable. Because he was a quiet person, the spotlight of his fame robbed the solitude he needed from him when his collection of poems, Gypsy Ballads, was published. In 1929, Garcia Lorca travelled to Cuba, a trip that improved his spirits; then returned to Spain with a new outlook on his life. Many of his plays were written at this point of his life. In 1936, the Spanish Civil War broke out, and because of Garcia Lorca's controversial beliefs he was named a radical, arrested, and shot by Nationalist soldiers without a fair trial. His death was shocking to the world because none of his works were about politics. Fifty years later, Spain honored his memory by building a monument as a tribute to him.
    Summary: "The Guitar" by Federico Garcia Lorca is written as an extended metaphor. The guitar playing in this poem represents a wounded person crying. The guitar begins to play as a person would cry. It cannot stop playing, and there is no use to try and stop it. It would be impossible. It cries like the rain when it falls or the wind when it continually blows. The guitar is crying for things far off, things it cannot have. The guitar states that it wants the warmth of the South, with beautiful flowers all around. It is crying for the arrow with no target in its future, the evening with a dawn that one may not see, and the first bird that dies in sitting on the branch. The last line, "Guitar! Heart wounded, gravely, by five swords" could be interpreted that the crying guitar that had five major tragedies happen to it. The tragedies are what is making the guitar cry, like a person.
    "The Guitar" by Federico Garcia Lorca can be related to realism. Realism is a belief of focussing on one's life and all the things that come with life; the hardships, the ups, and the downs. In "The Guitar" the person crying can be related to a realist. They are crying for the real things they cannot retrieve. This poem can be compared to The Great Depression because many people were crying because of things they may not have been able to have or get. Many people were crying for better conditions and crying for new life.
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    6:36 am
  3. page First Sorrow by Franz Kafka edited Biography: {http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRtufOchNYmTcTejao2Ji7-7374hy8ntHflprC1zpE6y…
    Biography: {http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRtufOchNYmTcTejao2Ji7-7374hy8ntHflprC1zpE6yrK82-mv} Biography: Franz Kafka
    Summary: "First Sorrow" is a story about an extremely talented, but reserved trapeze artist. He is determined to prefect his art on the tight rope, so much so that he does not wish to come down for anything. His manager accommodates his needs as he feels that it will make him better at his work. When the trapeze artist travels, he also gets his own accommodations. He sits in his own cabinet on top of his luggage, he is taken to in-town shows in race cars, and as soon as the circus arrives at the show, the artist climbs back up onto his trapeze. One day he tries to capture the manager's attention with a very quiet question. The manager does not ignore this as he believes he would not talk otherwise. The trapeze artist asks for another trapeze. The manager agrees, but suddenly the artist bursts into tears. His manager reassures him, and he climbs back happily atop his luggage and sleeps. The manager, however, questions the artist as to whether he will be all right because it is the first time he has questioned the nature of his art that is his profession.
    "First Sorrow" by Franz Kafka can be related to modernism. Modernism focuses on the realities of life and themes such as uncertainty, ambiguity, and isolation. In this story, the trapeze artist isolates himself from the modern world. The trapeze artist portrays the mundane nature of an isolated modern life. During the time period of this story, the Existentialist movement was in effect. An existentialism was a philosophy that regards the belief that life has no meaning other than what the person living it gives to their own life. The trapeze artist can relate because he can either spend the rest of his life in his trapeze and make a successful career out of it, all the while staying in isolation, or he can associate with people while making his art successful.
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    6:33 am
  4. page The Bet by Anton Chekhov edited Biography: {http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSEolkRs6ybdXhFxEKjVf9g9S5m61WQUMrQ9dBL9pWhh…
    Biography: {http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSEolkRs6ybdXhFxEKjVf9g9S5m61WQUMrQ9dBL9pWhhCnQ-Wjx} Biography: Anton Chekhov
    This story starts with a group of men discussing the pros and cons of the death penalty versus life sentance. An older man, that believes the death penalty is better, bets a young man, who believes life sentence is better, that for fifteen years he is to stay locked up for two million dollars. The young man agrees and is locked away, not to see or hear another person, for fifteen years. During this time the young man goes through several stages. For a while he is depressed, than he embraces the imprisionment and starts to learn. He learns different languages and learns of culture and reads all kinds of literature. Nearing the end of the fifteen years the older man relizes that if he loses the bet and is out two million dollars he will be bankrupt and ruined. He decides to kill the young man. On entering the room the older man reads a letter written by the young man saying that he does not want the money and has learned to hate and distrust the world after all his imprisionment. He decides to leave his room before the fifteen year time period is up. The older man leaves to allow him to do such. The younger man leaves and the older man hides the letter.
    "The Bet" reflects modern european literature through reason from the Enlightenment. In this story the young man wants money and to be rich until he learns of languages, points of view, countries, and cultures. He learns through literature that reason overcomes his greed for money. After using his newfound reason he does not want the money and leaves. A historical event this could take after would be the World Wars were people blindly followed ideas until reason came through and stopped the conflict.
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    6:32 am
  5. page The Guitar by Federico Garcia Lorca edited Biography: {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9MsZXeBEtxgquk0NQYl76ZqrmziHO_JOZq3tNTmKXh…
    Biography: {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9MsZXeBEtxgquk0NQYl76ZqrmziHO_JOZq3tNTmKXhJFN7JzXyA} Biography: Federico Garcia
    Summary: "The Guitar" by Federico Garcia Lorca is written as an extended metaphor. The guitar playing in this poem represents a wounded person crying. The guitar begins to play as a person would cry. It cannot stop playing, and there is no use to try and stop it. It would be impossible. It cries like the rain when it falls or the wind when it continually blows. The guitar is crying for things far off, things it cannot have. The guitar states that it wants the warmth of the South, with beautiful flowers all around. It is crying for the arrow with no target in its future, the evening with a dawn that one may not see, and the first bird that dies in sitting on the branch. The last line, "Guitar! Heart wounded, gravely, by five swords" could be interpreted that the crying guitar that had five major tragedies happen to it. The tragedies are what is making the guitar cry, like a person.
    (view changes)
    6:32 am
  6. page Two Memories of Sido by Colette edited Biography: {http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSFKCkoLBxgHbvSU3shWsiURW5U0X1tPztFAer5gBHfn…
    Biography: {http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSFKCkoLBxgHbvSU3shWsiURW5U0X1tPztFAer5gBHfnawMTJEs} Biography: Colette grew
    This story is about a mother that is sick and her two children that take care of her. The mother is old, dieing, and losing her mind. The mother is very kind and tries not to worry her children. Her son is a doctor and tends to her so that she does not hurt herself. Her daughter looks after her and tries to bring her back to her senses. She takes care of all people she meets and takes in cats to feed. In morning she makes breakfast and is as close to normal as she gets during the day. One morning the daughter wakes up to find that breakfast is not made and worries. She finds her mother has died but also finds letters written by her. One letter says that the mother knew she was dieing and did not have much time left but that a rare plant she owned was about to bloom, which only happens once every four years. The mother decides to put everything on hold to watch the plant bloom because she may never see it again. The daughter realizes how much her mother meant to her and how her memory will always make her happy and proud.
    The story can be related to modern european literature through Romancticsism. The mother does not care for work or duties but instead has an imagination, cares for others that she does not know, and puts important things on hold to watch a flower bloom. As in the Romantic era, people put a bigger stress on nature and imagination than on the everyday working life that must be done. A historical even that this resembles is World War II when all imprissioned people stopped caring for work and daily duties but learned to care for simple things that may not be obtainable later on.
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    6:31 am
  7. page War by Luigi Pirandello edited Biography: {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS7qefyS-KrS482BdIckgL7nxz5i1ti9QvORPuUs8t3J…
    Biography: {http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS7qefyS-KrS482BdIckgL7nxz5i1ti9QvORPuUs8t3J4o5SWLWuW4lMTU} Biography: Luigi Pirandello,
    Summary: "War" by Luigi Pirandello is a short story about a couple whose son has been sent to war. They board a train to leave Rome, the departure spot for their sons and young men going off to war. The wife felt she was the only mother who grieved about her son leaving. All the passengers on this train have one or more loved ones on the front in the war. This couple, who boards the train last, has their one and only son in war. The wife, especially, is grieving the most. The other passengers ask what is the problem, only to be able relate to her sadness. One woman speaks up and says that her son had left for the front the first day of war, was sent back twice because of injuries and was sent back yet again. Another woman stands up and adds in that she has two sons and three nephews at the front. The original husband relates back that it was their one and only son. This starts a conversation between the passengers about the love for their sons and the suffering one may have to go through because she has two sons at the front. One woman adds that their sons do not belong to them, but to the Country. A fat man stands up and makes the point that their sons, including his, will die happy because they were fighting for the love of their Country and they died with dignity and inflamed. He seemed so strong and proud of his son. Then the very first wife, all bundled up in the corner, rose from her seat and asked the fat man if his son was really dead. The fat man had no words, but tears began to roll down his face and he soon found himself in sobs, to the amazement of everyone on the train.
    (view changes)
    6:31 am
  8. page First Sorrow by Franz Kafka edited Biography: Franz Kafka was born into a German- speaking Jewish family in Austria/ Czech Republic in…
    Biography: Franz Kafka was born into a German- speaking Jewish family in Austria/ Czech Republic in 1883. With his father being a merchant and successful authority figure, Kafka struggled at home to convince his parents to take his writing aspirations seriously. He began college studying law, German literature, and art history. He graduated with a law degree and began his career in an Italian insurance company. A year later he began working at the Workers' Accident Insurance Institute where he could balance his work with writing and socializing. Because he did not practice Judaism and lived in a city with a Czech majority, Kafka felt estranged from each social group. He became involved in many serious relationships, was engaged three times, but never married. Resulting from troubles in his childhood, he spent much of his time in the hospital to treat a tubercular condition. Many of his works were not published during his lifetime partially because ofd his on insecurities about their worth. When he was dying, he left instructions with his literary executor to burn all of his writings. However, those instructions were ignored and after his death, some of his best works were published.
    Summary: "First Sorrow" is a story about an extremely talented, but reserved trapeze artist. He is determined to prefect his art on the tight rope, so much so that he does not wish to come down for anything. His manager accommodates his needs as he feels that it will make him better at his work. When the trapeze artist travels, he also gets his own accommodations. He sits in his own cabinet on top of his luggage, he is taken to in-town shows in race cars, and as soon as the circus arrives at the show, the artist climbs back up onto his trapeze. One day he tries to capture the manager's attention with a very quiet question. The manager does not ignore this as he believes he would not talk otherwise. The trapeze artist asks for another trapeze. The manager agrees, but suddenly the artist bursts into tears. His manager reassures him, and he climbs back happily atop his luggage and sleeps. The manager, however, questions the artist as to whether he will be all right because it is the first time he has questioned the nature of his art that is his profession.
    "First Sorrow" by Franz Kafka can be related to modernism. Modernism focuses on the realities of life and themes such as uncertainty, ambiguity, and isolation. In this story, the trapeze artist isolates himself from the modern world. The trapeze artist portrays the mundane nature of an isolated modern life. During the time period of this story, the Existentialist movement was in effect. An existentialism was a philosophy that regards the belief that life has no meaning other than what the person living it gives to their own life. The trapeze artist can relate because he can either spend the rest of his life in his trapeze and make a successful career out of it, all the while staying in isolation, or he can associate with people while making his art successful.
    (view changes)
    6:30 am
  9. page How Much Land Does A Man Need by Leo Tolstoy edited Biography: {Leo_Tolstoy.jpg} Biography: Leo Tolstoy The short story of "How Much Land Do…
    Biography:
    {Leo_Tolstoy.jpg} Biography:
    Leo Tolstoy
    The short story of "How Much Land Does a Man Need" is based on what greed can do to a person. A simple peseant that believes that with enough land he will be happy has the chance to aquire land. Soon after purchasing the new land he becomes mean toward his fellow peseants and tired of the amount of land he has. He sets out to gain more. When he has more land he is still not happy because he has to rent some. He hears of a lot of land that he can aquire for cheap and sets off again. In his journey, staking the land that will be his, he has to run to a finish so his time will not be waisted. He does make it to the end but dies at reaching the finish. In his death he only needs six feet of land to be buried.
    This story can be related to modern literature through reason as first introduced during the Enlightenment. The story teaches that, had the peseant had sufficent reasoning, he would not have been greedy and died. A young person reading this story would learn and understand to use reasonable ideas to obtain goals and not become greedy. The story also can be used to reflect the World Wars and how nations/people attempted to obtain land more than what was needed. The nations/people were not sucessful in their attempts just like the peseant.
    (view changes)
    6:20 am
  10. file Leo_Tolstoy.jpg uploaded
    6:19 am

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